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Read & Download Die fröhliche Wissenschaft 104 ô [Download] ➹ Die fröhliche Wissenschaft ➾ Friedrich Nietzsche – Ştiinţa voioasă este rodul experienţei lăuntrice a celui ce a trecut prin proba de foc mocnit a infernului i a îndurat povara îndelungată strivitoare şi a reuşit să afle în Ştiinţa voioasă este rodul experienţei lăuntrice a celui ce a trecut prin proba de foc mocnit a infernului i a îndurat povara îndelungată strivitoare şi a reuşit să afle în sine într un sfârşit speranţa însănătoşirii E drept că nu e foarte clar dacă Die fröhliche Epubse va însănătoşi pe deplin sau nu Dar ce mai contează asta când el reuşeşte să ofere o perspectivă cu totul nouă asupra iadului asupra bolii asupra sumbrei nenorociri când se întoarce din această lume a. The mistrust the philosophy How to review Nietzsche His writing is so rich so overabundant so overflowing that evaluating his works is like trying to drink up a waterfall I cannot even decide whether Nietzsche was a philosopher or something else Perhaps he can be better described as an essayist a poet a sage a neurotic a raving madman a prescient visionary The title hardly matters I suppose; although without some benchmark of comparison I am left in the dark for a way to measure Nietzsche and his writings The only way open I can see is to weigh Nietzsche against himself In the context of his full corpus The Gay Science is easily one of Nietzsche’s strongest works It dates from his middle period after his break with Wagner and his renunciation of Schopenhauer when he was still developing his most characteristic ideas Indeed in this book one finds Nietzsche’s first proclamation that “God is dead” as well as the first mention of the Eternal Recurrence Many of Nietzsche’s criticisms of science humanism liberalism and above all morality can be found in nascent form in these pages to be fully developed in Beyond Good and Evil and The Genealogy of Morals Nietzsche’s central project put briefly was to set about uestioning the fundamental values and assumptions of Western history Many of these he traces back to Socrates whom Nietzsche regards with a mix of admiration and horror In the works of Plato Socrates is turned into an ideal he is coldly logical scorning all sensations and emotions; he holds that our everyday world is less worthy than the world beyond; that art is not a source of knowledge or wisdom but a mere beguilement of the senses; that contemplation is better than action; that peacefulness is better than passion; that moral behavior leads to happiness This collection of doctrines Nietzsche believes was transformed into Christianity which added what Nietzsche later referred to as a “slave morality—the praise of meekness pity kindness gentleness compassion common in Christian preaching Nietzsche struggled for years to extricate himself from this morass and in the process developed one of his faculties to the utmost perfection his suspicion Nietzsche suspected every received idea automatic impulse longstanding tradition comforting thought pleasant assumption common opinion In this way he hoped to disentangle himself from the spider’s web and to see the world with a new clarity of vision “If one would like to see our European morality for once as it looks for a distance and if one would like to measure it against other moralities past and future then one has to proceed like a wanderer who wants to know how high the towers in the town are he leaves the town” But it is no easy thing to leave one’s entire society and culture behind and to see it from a distance Perhaps it can’t be done Nietzsche tried first by isolating himself physically leading a solitary life away from friends and family living off his pension from his time in the University of Basel From this vantage point Nietzsche started to take aim at Western culture as he perceived it This project was obviously not one of system building—at least not at first—but of assault Nietzsche aimed to think outside of any system to dance constantly on shifting ground taking no assumption as a starting point mistrustful of all impulses towards conventional opinion This I think is why Nietzsche wrote in aphorisms he needed to retreat uickly from his forays so as not to get drawn back into the assumptions he was trying to criticize “For I approach deep problems like cold baths uickly into them and uickly out again” Nietzsche felt that this job was not only important but of historical significance This is because of his famous proclamation that “God is dead”—or in other words that the idea of God was no longer taken seriously Nietzsche meant this not only intellectually but also aesthetically “What is not decisive against Christianity is our taste no longer our reasons” In other words the old worldview was not only intellectually bankrupt but not even pleasing any But the death of God was not an isolated event; it marked a decisive transition in culture So many of our basic assumptions about truth morality justice and life are based on the Christian worldview Without the support of this worldview people would begin to see these assumptions as mere prejudices Indeed our dependence on Christian assumptions is one of the things that Nietzsche most delighted in pointing out For example the idea that truth is valuable than appearance is a prejudice that originates in the old belief that all truth came from God The modern idea that every person is eual and deserves the same rights comes from the idea that everyone is eual in the eyes of God As is well known Nietzsche eventually called himself Anti Christ but his opposition to Christianity had nothing in common with Richard Dawkin’s or Bertrand Russell’s who both opposed Christianity because it didn’t hold up under logical scrutiny Rather Nietzsche found Christianity distasteful because he perceived it as being life denying Christianity is a religion that considers humankind inherently sinful and all bodily pleasures disgraceful; a religion that decries this earthly life ugly and miserable and places its hopes in the afterlife; a religion that celebrates the virtues of weakness compassion for the sick gentleness to your fellows meekness in the face of an almighty God All of this Nietzsche considers to be anti life—a sick yearning for death For Nietzsche Christianity was an attempt by people with weak bodies and unhealthy minds to impose their ailment on the rest of humanity; a system created by feeble and miserable people to drag the rest of humanity down to their level Against this Nietzsche proclaims a life affirming philosophy What this exactly entails is hard to say but the fundamental doctrine is amor fati or love of fate For Nietzsche the ideal was to love your life so fully that you could wish to relive it over and over again endlessly repeating the same actions This is the famous Eternal RecurrencePersonally I find it all but impossible to discuss Nietzsche’s ideas without discussing his life and his personality First it is worth noting that Nietzsche was a sickly person suffering from an acutely painful disease syphilis for his whole adult life Thus the uestion of philosophy being anti life or life affirming was a personal one for Nietzsche; he wanted to rise above his own pain to resist the urge to denigrate life because of his own suffering and instead to cultivate a joyful wisdom Thus his philosophy was deeply personal and we get a large dose of his personality in his writings Nietzsche was obviously a profoundly introverted man; indeed he was so introverted that he often mistook himself for the universe He was constitutionally incapable of being a good scholar; he could not for a moment put his own prejudices aside and attempt neutrality Instead Nietzsche treats the world as a kind of backdrop to his thoughts paying attention to his opinions about things than to the things themselves He has such startling and original opinions that most often this is an exhilarating experience; but this also leads Nietzsche into many statements that are obviously absurd and empirically false What is Nietzsche’s profound introversion eventually and perhaps inevitably turned into a profound narcissism that blackens his later writings As I said above Nietzsche’s strongest and most versatile weapon was his suspicion Most often his deep mistrust allowed him to reach striking conclusions But occasionally his suspicion veers into cynicism and cynicism is not an attractive uality The combination of this cynicism and his narcissism sometimes led Nietzsche into stupidity such as his many idiotic comments about women These ualities also led Nietzsche to many positions that I and most others nowadays consider reactionary in the extreme and elitist beyond measure He is full of insults for the “herd” of humanity the rabble the stupid masses And his criticisms of conventional morality sometimes led Nietzsche to vicious conclusionsWho will attain anything great if he does not find in himself the strength and the will to inflict great suffering Being able to suffer is the least thing; weak women and even slaves often achieve virtuosity in that But not to perish of internal distress and uncertainty when one inflicts great suffering and hears the cry of this suffering—that is great that belongs to greatnessBut as unattractive as Nietzsche’s personality can be and as unpalatable as some of his conclusions were I still love his books Simply as a writer of prose Nietzsche is in the first class; his prose is fire made articulate More than that his books are so full of ideas so rich so overabundant so overflowing; his mind was so nimble his personality so strange his conclusions so original that you cannot help but come away with your brain buzzing with inspiration

Read ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Î Friedrich Nietzsche

Ocul voios al formelor apolinice ale naturii pe fundalul adâncului ei dionisiac şi nu mai vrea să sfâşie grăbit neghiob vălul de forme care i ascunde tainaMarea sănătate – Noi cei noi fără de nume greu de înţeles noi prea devreme născuţii unui viitor încă nedovedit avem nevoie pentru un ţel nou şi de un mijloc nou anume de o sănătate nouă mai viguroasă mai şireată mai rezistentă mai îndrăzneaţă mai veselă decât au fost toate sănătăţile până acum Friedrich NIETZSC. Perhaps one of the greatest passages I encountered here has the unconventional form of a short parable or psychologist's tale that almost does in two paragraphs than an entire novella and reminds me much of Johann Peter Hebel In dealings with people who are ashamed of their feelings one must be able to disguise one's own; for such people take a sudden antipathy to anyone who catches them in a moment of tenderness or enthusiasm or intemperate rage as if their deepest secrets had been discovered If one wants to do them a kindness in such moments one should make them laugh and utter some cold cruel witticism then their heart turns to ice and they regain self possession But I am giving you the moral before the storyThere was a time in our lives when we had grown so close to one another in friendship and brotherhood that nothing seemed to stand between us except this little footbridge Just as you were about to step upon it I asked you 'Do you want to cross this bridge to me' But then you no longer wanted to and when I asked you again you fell silent Since then mountains and torrents and all that divides and estranges have come between us and even if we wanted to be reconciled with one another it was no longer possible However when you think back to that little footbridge you are at a loss for words but filled with tears and wonderMuch of Nietzsche's aphorisms or rather passages that implicitly make up a whole here take on a poetic form that are rhythmic and conversational without completely jumping the ship of non fiction like Thus Spoke Zarathustra and in this style The Joyous Science appear wholly uniue and vivifying to a modern weary and logical mind in what is otherwise an ocean of grays and blues in writing Take it from the author himself however It is noteworthy that the great masters of prose have almost always been poets either openly or secretly for their own private enjoyment; and truly good prose is written only in light of poetry For prose is the result of an uninterrupted polite war with poetry; all its charm consists in the fact that poetry is constantly avoided and contradicted; every abstraction wishes to be presented as a piece of roguishness against poetry and with mocking voice; all dryness and coolness is supposed to drive the lovely goddess to lovely despair; often there are momentary compromises and reconciliations between the two and then a sudden rebound into laughter; often the curtain is drawn back and harsh light let in just when the goddess was enjoying her twilights and dull colours; often her words are taken from her mouth and sung to a melody which makes her hold her delicate hands over her delicate ears and so there are a thousand pleasures to this war the defeats very much included of which the unpoetic the so called prose writers know nothing which is why they write and speak only bad proseNow that I have been so soundly trounced and seeing that against my better judgement I have unwittingly mentioned Hebel above without sparing him a single thought for almost exactly a year until now I wonder if I might better occupy my time Walter Benjamin like with constructing my reviews solely out of uotations from now on

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Die fröhliche WissenschaftSuferinţei îmbogăţit cu nemaiauzite cunoştinţe Un astfel de filozof nu mai vrea să afle adevărul cu orice preţ adevărul pur despuiat de orice urmă de aparenţă Şi nu întrucât e schilodit de prea apăsătoare încercări ci pentru că ştie că acest adevăr nu există – dimpotrivă e un adevăr clar distinct şi sterp Dacă cel ars la foc de lemn verde nu s a transformat încă în scrum cunoaşterea sa a dobândit un alt fel de profunzime una veselă El ştie acum să desluşească j. NOT GAY ENOUGH